Influence of extreme low temperatures on Acute Respiratory Infections (ARIs) for the province of Andahuaylas in the context of Climate Change

  • Karina Herbas De la Cruz UNAJMA
Keywords: Minimum temperature, morbidity, acute respiratory infections, periodicity, altitude


The increase in ARI cases due to low temperatures over the years is a well-known epidemiological event in the southern highlands of Peru, the influence of extreme low temperatures on cases of acute respiratory infections is an important factor Since we are in the context of climate change at the regional and national level, the magnitude of the relationship between extreme temperatures and ARI cases depends on various factors, among them the geomorphological characteristics, level of education, diet among others, the application of statistical correlations in the analysis of the relationships between two or more variables is well known, in this study the relationship between IRAS cases and the number of days with temperatures less than or equal to 5 ° C for each district in the province of Andahuaylas, the correlations that were mostly low were determined, the number of days per month were 16, the decrease in the number of days with low temperatures generates more cases of IRAS in the months of May, June, July and August. Factors such as meteorological risks that occur in the Andahuaylas, are considered against the respiratory affections of the person, of which the district that presents a significant correlation (61.9%) is Chiara, followed by Talavera, the annual periodicity of IRAS was located in counterphase with the minimum temperatures, because both variables share certain information, so it commits to the coldest period of the year with the increase in the cases of IRAs, resulting in an indication of meteorological action.